What is the bubonic plague and how is it transmitted?

Mongolian rider on a horse uses mobile phone

In pics | Bubonic plague in China: Here's all you need to know

According to Xinhua news agency, one suspected case was reported in China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

The case was found in Bayannur, located to the northwest of Beijing, according to state-run Chinese Communist Party (CCP) media outlets and local officials. The public has also been asked to report suspected cases.

The health committee of the city of Bayan Nur issued the third-level alert on Sunday, the second lowest in a four-level system.

China Daily reports local health authorities said: "At present, there is a risk of human plague epidemic spreading in this city". The bubonic plague caused the Black Death, a pandemic that led to widespread death in Europe during the Middle Ages.

It is most unlikely that it will turn into an epidemic as we have treatment and drugs to cure the disease, say experts.

Madagascar saw more than 300 cases during an outbreak in 2017.

In May a year ago, two people in the country of Mongolia died from the plague, which they contracted after eating the raw meat of a marmot - a type of rodent.

A herdsman in Mongolia has been diagnosed with the bubonic plague, a disease that claimed 50 million lives in the 14th Century.

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According to World Health Organization, A vaccine effective against bubonic plague is available exclusively for individuals with a high occupational exposure to plague.

Flea bites. The bite of an infected flea transmits the plague bacteria. It is not yet known how and why the patient got infected by the plague. Months later, two more people in Inner Mongolia were infected with the pneumonic plague, a different variant of the disease that affects the lungs.

If left untreated, the plague can become fatal, but recovery is common if treated early.

Bubonic plague is one of the three types of plague caused by Yersinia pestis and is often spread by infected fleas from small animals. According to the Centers for Disease Control, seven cases of bubonic plague were treated in the US a year ago.

Di name come from di symptoms e dey cause - painful, swollen lymph nodes or "buboes" for di groin or armpit.

Some Chinese health officials and global experts have downplayed the danger of G4, noting that it has been circulating for years without causing an outbreak in humans.

"We know how to prevent it - avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission". Dr. Shanti Kappagoda, an infectious diseases doctor at Stanford Health Care, said.

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